TOUR THE NORMANDY BATTLEFIELDS
UTAH BEACH - STE-MÈRE-EGLISE

JUNE 6 1944, 06.30 HOURS OBJECT: UTAH BEACH

The chapel of La Madelèine, Then and Now

Just before you reach the museum on ´Exit 2´, there is a left-hand lane towards La Madelèine, where it is possible to visit a small chapel. This was ones the place where one of the first services after the landings was held by the Americans. After this visit head for the area with the museum on Utah Beach.

THE UTAH BEACH MUSEUM:

The Utah Beach Museum (in 2011 a new wing was completed)

The museum is built around a former German bunker. Because of a recent update and the building of a new wing, which houses a B-26 Marauder bomber, it's well worth the visit. At the entrance to the beach stands a marker '00' (an identical one stands, with its 'zero' number, near the town hall in Ste-Mère-Eglise). Here starts the 4th Division Liberty Highway. It runs all the way through France into Holland. The restaurant across the road is built around a bunker as well. This one is completely restored and open for visitors (watch your head!).

The restaurant across Utah Beach Museum, Then and Now

In the early hours of June 6th, 1944, Leutnant Arthur Jahnke sent a German patrol out to find out what all the those planes in the sky were doing. An half an hour later the patrol returned and brought to the surprise of Jahnke 17 American prisoners with them! The Germans tried to interrogate the prisoners but the American paratroopers said nothing, and there was no time for further interrogation because the shelling started from the navy ships that lay in the waters of Utah Beach. The bombardment destroyed the 50 mm, 75 mm and 88 mm guns around the fortifications. German troops that were not killed or wounded were wandering around dazed and confused.

On September 27, 2008, a new monument was unveiled at Utah Beach,
to remember the gallant American Navy

Under the command of General Roosevelt the 4th Division stormed Utah Beach. Because of a small mistake and the tidal current, they landed a couple of kilometers more to the south. This was a fortunate 'mistake' because the defense was at this place very weak. Jahnke and his troops were quickly overrun and taken prisoner. At the end of the day there were already 23.000 man on the beaches and 1700 vehicles debarked.

One of three H655 bunkers just beyond Exit-3

TAKE THE COASTAL ROAD TO THE NORTH:

The next exit through the dunes from the beach is known as 'EXIT 3'. Around 07.30 hours a part of 502nd PIR (Parachute Infantry Regiment), 101st Airborne Division, under command of the 3rd Battalion lay in ambush at this point. At 09.30 hours a large group of Germans appeared who were retreating from the fighting on the beach. In the fight at this exit 75 Germans lost their lives. Utah Beach was also the sector where General Patton's 3rd Army landed. The dunes here are scattered with bunkers and blockhauses.

Near the Leclerc Monument stands a Sherman tank

Behind Leclerc and his Free French Memorial (a few kilometers up north) you can find two big casemates 250 meters to the south and north (see below).

CONTINUE TO THE NORTH ON THE COASTAL ROAD:

Follow the signes; 'Batterie de Crisbecq'. Head inland on the D 69. Here are some enormous bunkers for heavy artillery. In recent years the place is excavated and open to the public. In these casemates stood two 155 mm guns. The were defended by three 21 mm cannons, six 75 mm anti-air artillery guns, three 20 mm guns and seventeen machineguns. Everything was surrounded by landmines and protected by barbed wire.

The directionfinder of the Batterie de Crisbecq

In the early morning of D-Day some 600 ton's bombs fell on this complex without inflicting any damage. At daybreak the big cannons opened fire and sank a frigate and damaged a cruiser and other ships. The fire returned from the Allied ships destroyed many small guns around the complex.

A casemat Type H 683 at Crisbecq, Then and Now

Despite the constant barrage of shelling, the heavy 155 mm stayed in business until the 12th of June. On this date the Germans retreated and left 78 killed behind. De enormous casemates were blown up by American engineers.

Batterie d'Azeville

After the visit of Crisbecq head inland and go to 'Batterie d'Azeville. This complex is well worth the visit. The battery has four casemates; two H671 and two H650 (the last one has an extra concrete protection on top for a 37mm anti-aircraft cannon). During the night of June 5 and 6, 1944 there was some heavy fighting between paratroopers and the defense of the complex. In the morning the heavy guns of the battery were pointed towards Utah Beach.

During the night of June 8 and 9, the most north H650 casemate, was hit twice by 35,6cm shells from the battleship USS Nevada. One hit the outside structure on the left side, but the other went into the firing room. It penetrated through two concrete walls, but did not explode (it came to rest behind the H650, and came to light in the nineties of the last century during excavations). Even it was a 'dud', it killed the Germans inside this rooms because of the enormous impact and pressure. The German defense of the battery forced the Allies to go around the complex, but after another attack, the battery was taken on June 9.

The hole where the 'dud' penetraded from the USS Nevada in the H650

Today the side is very good preserved, and can be visited also after closing hours. Notice the 'fake-stones' that are painted on the casemats. Notice further the extra slit to the right on the casemats, so the cannon could reach the south tip of Utah Beach. Everywhere are signs where bullets and grenades hit the concrete. In June 1944 the complex had 4 X 105mm Schneider 331 (f) cannons of French origin. Under the supervision of a audioguide it is possible to visit the tunnels that connects the whole place with each other.

One (a H671) of four casemats from the Batterie d' Azeville

Head to the south-west for Ste-Mère-Eglise. This was the place for the scary nightdrop of the 82nd Airborne Division and made famous by the movie 'The Longest Day'.

6 JUNE, 1944, 01.30 HOURS, OBJECT: SAINTE-MÈRE-EGLISE

June 6, 12.50 hours, 82nd Airborne Division troopers are cautious,
there could still be snipers up in the bell tower,...
Then & Now

Ste-Mère-Eglise was the object that had to be taken by the 82nd Airborne Division. Some well known scenes from the motion picture 'The Longest Day' take place in this small town. During the jump of the paratroopers there was a house on fire (at the side were now the museum is located). Because of this fire there were a lot of civilians helping to pass the buckets to put out the fire. The water pump can still be found near the church. Soldier John Steele made here is precarious jump. His chute hooked on the church and he kept dangling and was a witness of the carnage below. He was not the only one who had this misfortune, Ken Russell also became victim of the steeples of the church, but he got away, where Steel was captured by the Germans (he escaped later).

Detail of the window designed by Renaud in the church

In the church are two stained glass windows that commemorate the nightly jump over this town. Over the portal is the one designed by Paul Renaud, son of the mayor of that time, Alexandre Renaud. It shows the Virgin Mary flanked by paratroopers. The other window was donated by veterans of the 82nd Airborne Division. This one shows Saint Michael, patron saint of the parachutists.

THE MUSEUM IN STE-MÈRE-EGLISE:

The museum, with roofs like parachutes, across the church is well worth a visit, reserve at least 1 to 2 hours. Under one roof an original Waco CG-4 can be found. Under the other roof is a C-47 transporter on display. (C-47 page is under translation). The hardware outside are an M4 Sherman tank and a Halftrack.

Ste-Mère-Eglise, Then and Now

On the next page the tour continous
to the hard fought bridges across the river Merderet.
Click on 'Iron Mike' below