Major Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte
The bloody battles that were fought on close range
to gain ground were fruitless. The American artillery started their first barrage of fire on Carentan on June
the 7th. For three days shell's rained on the town. June 10 saw the heaviest shelling when, whitin 24 hours,
6000 shells hit Carentan. A new attack was undertaken the next day, which resulted in more casualties.
But the German para's under command of Von der Heydte kept their positions. In the afternoon the town was
bombarded with fosphorgrenates. Because of the fires that broke out, several civilians came out of their
cellars to flee their town. The American's thought that Carentan was evacuated. With minutes to spare, they
could call of the bombers that were on their way to level Carentan.
That same night the German Falschirmjäger left the town. On 12 June, 1944 Carentan was cleared of the last resistance
and called liberated. The next day the German's returned with units of a Panzer Division.
The attack on Carentan drove the American paratrooper's back to the center of the town.
But the attack was countered when American tanks showed up from Omaha Beach.
To get Carentan and get hold of this important crossroad came at a great price, almost half of the 101st Airborne was lost.
Detour to the Bailey Bridge
and the story on the 13'
A very interesting leftover from the war and still in use near Carentan, is a Bailey bridge. It can be found across the small river the Taute near Saint-Hilaire-Petit-Ville. On the same special page also the story of the so called 'Filthy 13' .All this can be found by:
The 2nd Armored Division enters Carentan, Then and New
When you visited the Bailey bridge and the monument of the 'Filthy 13', return to Carentan, and head north for St.Côme-du-Mont. You leave Carentan by the large roundabout, which is constructed on the former place where the paratroopers under command of Lt.Col. Robert Cole with succes a charge made to capture the bridge that was once in use here. On one of the pages on the American cemetery at Margraten, in Holland, there you can find the story on Lt.Col. Robert Cole and his squad. After two kilometers you see in front of you the museum, 'Dead Man's Corner'. Because you are driving in the sector of the 101st Airborne Division, this museum has been dedicated to the paratroopers of this division.
'Dead Man's Corner' with behind it, the 'D-Day Experience'
'Dead Man's Corner'
The main target for the 101st Airborne Division was Carentan. The German defence was strong and the paratrooper's waited for support from tanks. According to the book 'Currahee' of Donald R. Burgett, who witness the whole affair; the first tank that rumbled in for help came by the D 913, the only secure road from Exit 2, Utah Beach. It was a light M5 Stuart from the 70th Armored Battalion (D Company, tank 12). It hid behind the bocage and strolled up and down to give the impression that there was more than one tank. When it ran out of ammo it returned to the road to get back for new. Here it was hit by a shell from an 88mm. The crew died instantly and for a couple of days the commander,1e Luitenant Walter T. Anderson from Minnesota, hung out of the turret. To the American troops, this divided road became known as 'Dead Man's Corner'.
The stricken M5 Stuart tank near 'Dead Man's Corner'
The paratrooper-museum. is an ongoing project and will be, according the owners. In 2015 a large hall was opened. Inside stands an orginal fuselage of a C-47 that can be used as a simulator, the so called 'D-Day Experience'. Visitors can 'experience' a cuple of minutes the motions of a paratrooper during the night of D-Day. In 2016 an M5 Stuart tank was put in front of the museum. The museum itself is incorporated in the original historic building. The 'sets' are of great workmanship.
An M5 Stuart tank at the front 'Dead Man's Corner'
The German's used it as a headquarter and later as a first aid station, which is rebuilt downstairs.When you arrive on the first floor, the interior has been made in a very dramatic setting and feels if you are wandering through a giant plane. The items on show are neatly arranged and labeled in French and English. There were some original things that belonged to Major Dick Winters of 'Band of Brothers' TV-series fame (but they were removed sometime in 2016 for unknown reasons). In the back of the museum is a large room with authentic and replica wartime memorabilia.
The souvenirs shop of 'Dead Man's Corner' (Picture: Menno Sietses)
To secure the route towards Carentan from Sainte-Marie-du-Mont, it was necessary to capture the small town of Saint-Côme-du-Mont, which is located right of the D 913. At the crossroad, which is locally known ‘Dead Man's Corner’ the D 913 makes a connection towards the north, the D 270, where a couple of hundreds meters further Saint-Côme-du-Mont can be found.
The church of Saint-Côme-du-Mont and T/4 Joseph ‘Jumping Joe’ Beyrle
During the night of 6 June, para’s of the 101st Airborne Division also jumped in these area. Just as
in the jump over Ste-Mère-Église where the 82nd para’s Steel en Russell were caught on the roof of the
church, so was a paratrooper landing on the roof of the church of Saint-Côme-du-Mont.
T/4 Joseph ‘Jumping Joe’ Beyrle, I-Company, 506th PIR, 101st Airborne Division jumped from just a height
of 400 feet from his C-47, to low to adjust his landing in time. Beyrle landed on to the roof of the church.
Machinegun fire from the church steeple tried to hit him, but luckily for Beyrle he was not hit. Some distance
away a farmhouse was in flames, and the machinegun was pointed into that direction.
When Beyrle finaly was on the ground, he decided to move to the west, the route the C-47 were coming from,
in the hope he would run in to some comrades of his stick. In the next hours he tried to destroy a generator
which was guarded by a couple of Germans. He tossed some grenates and moved away through a hole in a hedge,… right
into the hands of some German para’s of the 6. Fallschirmjäger Rgt. manning a machinegun. The German paratroopers
took Beyrle prisoner. Beyrle played his part by suggesting he had an injured back, and so he was brought to the
first aid post near the church. Here he was looked after by the 101st Division Battalion surgeon Stanley Morgan,
who was also taken prisoner by the Germans. After Beyrle made an attempt to escape, he was brought to the German HQ,
south of Saint-Côme-du-Mont.
The tower of the church was blown out by heavy navy guns
During the morning of June 6, the Germans of the headquarter of 6. Fallschirmjäger Rgt. at Periers, became
aware that American paratroopers had landed in the Cotentin. The HQ was moved north, to Saint-Côme-du-Mont.
In the afternoon the commander of 6 Fallschirmjäger Rgt., Major Friedrich
August Freiherr von der Heydte, came in person to check out what was happening, still not aware that at the same moment
the invasion at Utah Beach was in full swing. But when he climbed into the bell tower of the church, Von der Heydte,
realised at once what was going on. He looked in awe at the enormous fleet in front of the coast. When he looked
through his binoculars the guns on navy vessels shot large shells towards him. The earth was shaking and
trembling by the explosions and Von der Heydte left in a hurry his post, which was hit a short while later.
Behind the church of Saint-Côme-du-Mont, Then & Now
American soldiers with a German 'Panzerschreck'
Leaving Carentan and heading for St-Marie du-Mont, you pass the village of Angoville-au-Plain.
It’s located between St-Côme-du-Mont and Vierville on the D 913. Central in this small village is
the little church. It was smack-dab in the middle of DZ-D, the most southern drop-zone of the 1st
and 2nd Battalion, 501st PIR. Of the 101st Airbornes Division. The first 48 hours after the jump there
was heavy fighting between the paratroopers and the German Fallshirmjäger.
The church of Angoville-au-Plain on the edge of Place Toccoa,
(in front is the memorial for Wright and Moore)
In the 2nd Battalion were two medics active, Robert E. Wright en Kenneth J. Moore who used this
church as first aid post. Days on end they had their own battle to save the lives of countless troopers
and civilians. Three paratroopers died in the church. On a bench at the back of the church the blood of
one of these unfortunate ones can still be found,… a grim reminder of a precious life that was lost here.
The battle raged around the church and at one point Germans entered the church. But after a fast check they
left it again. Wright en Moore welcomed everyone, as long they left their weapons outside. The church, one
of the eldest in the surroundings was damaged during the battle and all the medieval windows were broken.
Only in 2004 the restoration was commenced when enough money was collected. Two glass-in-lead windows are
dedicated to the paratroopers, among one especially for the medics Wright en Moore.
Robert E. Wright en Kenneth J. Moore
flanking one of the
two glass-in-lead windows
Head for St. Côme-du-Mont on the D 270 and go straight for Houesville, turn right towards La Croix-Pan
(go underneath the N 13). Take the D 129. After a kilometer you find on a divided crossing the memorial
for General Pratt, the first killed General on D-Day. More details on 101st Airborne Division.
On this crossing, take the right lane and head for Hiesville and Vierville. Just as you leave Hiesville,
you come across a large farm on the lefthand side. This is the place where the succesor of General Pratt,
General Taylor, stayed for a week. To remember this a plaque is to be found on the right entrancecolumn.
After Vierville, make a left turn towards Ste-Marie-du-Mont, on the D 913.
The first headquarters of Major-General Maxwell Taylor near Hiesville
The 101st consisted of 8451 men, but they were scattered during the jump over a
large area. In the first hours there was coherend consilidation. Small groups fought with German's.
In this sector fought the 506th PIR of the 101st Airborne Division (later made famous in the TV-series 'Band of
Ste-Marie-du-Mont, Then and Now
The church in St-Marie-du-Mont had new glas installed after the war and the
tower was restored. The town has little changed in 60 years. Many buildings and houses have a plaque
with information to tell their history during the occupation and D-Day. Near the church is a surplusshop,
´La Boutique du Holdy´, with authentic wartime material from June 1944, opening hours vary, but at the end
of the afternoon it is mostely open. Another shop with great authentic souvenirs can be found behind the church,but the prices there are steap.
In the field across Brécourt Manor history was writtin
An impressive episode in the HBO TV series, Band of Brothers, from part 2, 'Day of Days', took place at this site. Lt. Dick Winters had the order to silence four heavy guns that were firing from a field at Brécourt Manor Utah Beach towards Utah Beach. To commemorate this feat, a monument was erected in 2008. To visit the spot, leave Ste-Marie-du-Mont by the northeast road, towards the coast (plage) on the D 913. This road is known as 'EXIT 2' ('EXIT 1’ was at Pouppeville). After a kilometer you reach the crossroad with the D 14, go left here. After 500 meters you come across the small road towards Brécourt Manor (the monument is located at this corner). The monument was realised with the support of the family De Vallavieille (owners of Brécourt Manor), Marco Kilian, Marion van Hellmond, Frank Slegers, Ralph Ligtvoet, in cooperation with Steenhouwerij Rijtink (all from Holland).
On the D 14, the monument to commemorate the action at Brécourt Manor
A nice detail on the monument is an etching of an original drawing, made by Dick Winters after the war, of the situation on June 6, 1944. You may recognice the outlines of the monument, a same one was erceted near the woods of Le Bois Jacques near Foy in Belgium, (Battle of the Bulge).
After the visit to the monument, drive on towards Brécourt Manor. Across the Manor in the field the guns were placed by the Germans. The field is private property and can not be visited without asking permission. For the complete story on the 101st Airborne Division during Worldwar Two,
On June 6, 2012 a new statue was revealed. This time a statue of Richard 'Dick' Winters
and als dedicated to all the other troops that landed in Normandy. The statue can be found on the D 913, a kilometer north of Ste-Marie-du-Mont, towards Utah Beach. At the bottem of the statue a quote from Winters has been placed: 'Wars do not make men great, but they bring out the greatness in good men'.
On the next page the tour continous to Utah Beach and the north,
to the Batterie of Crisbecq and Azeville and further to Ste-Mère-Église.
Click on the picture below
with Richard Winters that commemorates the landing of the first Allied troops in Normandy.